Archive for November, 2013

Some Tips To Make Essay Paper Writing Easier And Faster

Just like what Plato said in his book The Republic about the Natural Social Order of Man, wherein the head of the society are the leaders, the body is the soldiers and the feet are the workers; writing an essay is allegorically like the Social Order of Man.

Essay is composed of Introduction, Body and Conclusion. Writing an essay is similar to a composition of the man wherein there is a head, a body and a conclusion. To write an essay faster, the most basic format is the 5 paragraph format; wherein it is composed of a 1 paragraph for the Introduction, 3 for the body and 1 for the conclusion. When a writer learns this kind of format, he/she can practically write an essay faster and effectively.

The first and the very important part of an essay is the Introduction. It is the very important mainly because it sets the tone and form of the essay. Usually, there are a lot of kinds of word structure for the Introduction. For example are the Quotations that are related from the topic of the essay, historical facts, current happenings and events, social relevant news, certain facts, a personal experience, a recently acquired data and the like. Introduction like these can call the attention of the readers and give them a kind of hint of what the essay is all about. More importantly, it can set the tone of the essay and connect it to the next part of the essay.

writing-essay-paper-fasterThe second part of an essay is the Body. It gives the sufficient details to support the topic of the essay. Usually, the Body is composed of the opinions of the writer about the topic. It is supported by facts and details gathered by the writer and connecting it to form a logical sense about the topic so that the structure of the body can be meaningful and can be easily understood by the readers. It is structured as: Main detail then supporting details and a bit of summary in the end.

Last but not the least is the Conclusion. It gives the essay a formal closure and ending. The Conclusion is usually composed of any of the following structures: a summary of the whole essay, a statement of the side of the writer in the essay, a quotation, a hanging question for the readers, a call for action for the readers or for the issues tackled in the essay, a suggestion from the writer and the like. It is very important to close the essay formally in order to give a proper ending for the essay and to make the readers think that the essay is formally done and closed.

These are the basic parts of the essay; the Introduction, Body and Conclusion. These parts can give the writers a pattern so that they can write an essay faster and structure an essay more properly. With these parts, writers can have an idea how to write an essay effectively and they can write essays more easily and faster.

Early Exams Result to Improve Attendance and Performance Among College Students, Studies Show

essay outline news New research finds that there is an increase in attendance and improvement of grades in college students when they were given quizzes regularly at the onset of class days rather than on occasional major examinations.


The results were documented in PLoS One and originated from a recent experiment where 901 college students from the University of Texas served as respondents. The so-called “testing effect” proved to be effective specifically towards students from lower economic classes. The respondent students were required to bring their personal laptops with them for the use of online examinations. Dr. James W. Pennebaker and Dr. Samuel D. Gosling, the two professors teaching Psych 301 to the said 901 students, were the same instructors that requested that those who had laptops to bring them to school. Incidentally, no one came empty-handed. To the horror of the students they were asked to take a set of short quizzes daily using their laptops. The quizzes are custom made for every student, with a standard set of questions and one personal item that the specific student answered incorrectly on a quiz before. The quizzes had a reasonable level of difficulty and served as a substitute to a final exam later on in the semester.


Namita Pallod, one of the students from the class claimed that the quiz items, “weren’t impossible, as long as you did the reading and paid attention in class, but there were definitely some ‘thinkers,’ further adding, “The harder part for me was always when old questions you had missed previously came back.”

The exam system was unsurprisingly met with very negative feedback from the students. “Sam and I usually get really high course evaluations from the students,” Dr. Pennebaker admitted, “these were the lowest ever.” Dr. Gosling owes the resentment to the students’ other agendas, “For the first few weeks, every time their friends went out drinking, they couldn’t go; they had yet another test the next day.”


college essay outline newsThe results proved to be beneficial to the students. Their scores trumped those of the previous year by a 10% difference, with the highest rate of grade improvement coming from the students that came from low caliber schools. Dr. Gosling says that the shorter quizzes help keep students seeing their progress realistically, instead of the sad trend he usually sees “when they fail the first midterm, they think it’s a fluke…by the time they’ve failed the second one, it’s too late. The hole’s too deep. The quizzes make it impossible to maintain that state of denial.” In addition to improving test scores, the daily quizzes also helped improve students’ attendance. The two professors also brought up the significant increase in students who came on time and who didn’t cut class. “In the middle of the semester, attendance usually averages about 60 percent…In this quiz class it was 90 percent. If you know you’ve got a quiz, you have to show up.”


The study initially was aimed at proving that technology is a helpful tool in education, attempting to debunk the assumption that it only leads to counter productivity. Scientists also concluded from the experiment that examinations improve academic performance and justifiably measure the improvement at the same time.
It is already a well known consensus that academic performance changes depending on what time of the day tests are carried out. Psychologists, on another study conducted a few years ago, have found that jotting down details of an essay outline from memory causes a student to have greater retention of the work compared to reading it over and over again.


The results from the recent experiment are said to be plausible proof of how earlier conducted quizzes could be used in this day and age when technology is the new norm. But the experts heed educators to not act on the findings so hastily just yet, since they are still not fully informed of how this could be applied practically in real life situations.


A professor of psychology at Purdue, Jeffrey Kapricke, although not directly involved in the study, understands the full value of the research, saying that it bridges the gaps between social classes, “This study is important because it introduces a new method to implement frequent quizzing with feedback in large classrooms, which can be difficult to do…This is the first large study to show that classroom quizzing can help reduce achievement gaps.”

New York Mayor Bloomberg Announces Final Letter Grades to Schools

                                                                                                  New York- Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg issued for the last time his last series of letter grades given to at least 1, 600 public schools last Wednesday, granting high As and Bs to more than half of schools that were nurturing students in preparation for college.

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Mayor Bloomberg is about to bequeath his position over to Mayor-elect Bill de Blasio, who vocally opposes Bloomberg’s letter system. De Blasio plans to eradicate the letter grades, claiming that the process is a crude and unjust way to judge educational institutions’ performance.

                       
The letter grades system started in 2007 as a tool, Bloomberg says, that would help especially for parents, saying at a news conference not related to the matter, “Getting it down to something that they can use, I think, is not making it too simplistic but, quite the contrary, I think it’s making it useful.” Spokeswoman for mayor-elect de Blasio, Lis Smith, said that “[the letter grades offered] little real insight to parents and are not a reliable indicator of how schools are actually performing.”

                       
As a replacement for the grades, Mr. de Blasio claims that he would retain the report cards that come with the letter grades given to schools, but will confer with parents and educators if they should continue such system.

                       
According to the Foundation for Excellence in Education, founded by one Jed Bush, 14 out of 50 states use the letter grades system to evaluate school performance. Supporters of the system claim that extremely low grades give extra motivation for schools to improve, in comparison to non-exacting ways to evaluate institutions. Said grades will, they claim, also give recognition to schools that are doing well, which could help in letting their educational tactics be known for others to follow. Other evaluation systems include star ratings, use of roman numerals or even color-codes, as with Michigan. In the case of New York, schools are given report cards, containing test scores, demographics, and compliances with state standards.

                       
The report cards do not have a final judgment, nor an evaluation of how students write their essay types. In order for schools with a healthy number of disadvantaged students to be judged on an equal playing field, Michael Bloomberg upgraded the grading system with the help of data experts that devised a way for innately substandard schools to not be penalized. It resulted to a very complicated grading system, one of the most elaborate in the US. It compared and contrasted schools with a common range and quality of student population and monitored their annual progress instead of evaluating them in totality.

                       
From the very beginning, teachers and parents alike greatly opposed Bloomberg’s report cards, expressing negative feedback towards the way it prioritized grades to determine which schools stay open, and for taking notice to test scores as determinants of progress. Last academic year, the report cards comprised of grades as well as attendance rates and surveys from students, parents and educators. This did not stop Bloomberg from using the system even on restaurants, or lower government offices from evaluating their employees with the letter grades.

                       
The letter grades system was not always perfect. Most (97 percent of them to be exact) schools in 2009 suspiciously received very high marks, which called for modifying the formula year after year to improve the system. Unfortunately the oppositions still did not die down. “Bloomberg and his team tried to build a system that was as robust as they were able to design, but in schools, unlike in financial markets, there is a lot of sentiment,” said Frederick M. Hess. Hess works as an education scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. He also adds that, “No matter how sophisticated or smart the systems are, they’re ultimately vulnerable to those concerns.”

                       
Shael Polakow-Suransky claims that New York has improved in attempting to give the report cards a little more distinction and improvement by using varied methods of evaluation apart from using standardized tests, such as class projects and grades. Furthering this system, New York has shifted its attention to how students are prepped for college, evaluating schools on how much of their graduates are still in college after three semesters, wherein most officials say most students give up. The system also uses the Common Core standards in evaluating performances on math and reading, rendering poor results and making it imperative for New York to modify the formula yet again to adjust to the level of difficulty of the exams.

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De Blasio will be steering clear from the trend of closing schools on account of poor report card grades. The education department will not be shutting down schools on the basis of this year’s performance.

                       
Having the last set of grades is met with mixed opinions. When some faculty saw it as an end to an educational dark age, some hoped that New York will not lose sight of the importance of evaluating the performance of schools. Park Slope, Brooklyn’s Public School 321 principal Elizabeth Phillips, the principal for over 15 years, claims that her school never failed to receive high grades annually, but they were completely meaningless.“They fluctuate dramatically, from year to year, even when there are no significant changes in the instruction, or the leadership or the teaching staff,” she said.

                       
In West Village Public School 3, parents look forward to de Blasio and his expected alterations to the system. After two years of receiving Cs, it finally received it’s A this academic year. Dana Abraham, a co-president of Public School 3’s PTA, said, “It does not paint the entire picture of any school.”

Creativity and Experiences: The Core of Great Writings

Our dependence on online content has reached an unprecedented level since the turn of the millennium. In the last 5 years, the platforms we use to seek information have transformed, from our always-reliable desktop PC, and now to various mobile devices.

But what do we seek in the internet? We regularly encounter articles from different sites on the internet.  From news articles that feature the latest stock market rates, to feature sports articles bashing how LeBron James’ decision in leaving his original team to seek “greener pastures”.

great-creative-writingOnline articles are not only exclusive to sites from news companies or any “official” company nowadays. Articles can also be found even in an individual’s blog. They may write contents about anything under the sun, anything that fancies their attention.

Have you ever thought of starting your own blog? Write about this marvelous and quaint café you found in the outskirts of the Metro? Maybe perhaps write about how you care about the environment and bring the attention of government officials on what they should do?

Now if any of those interests you, then you better start reading.

There are hundreds and thousands of writers out there and their articles are not only reached through books and broadsheets, but also in countless blog sites as well as official organization sites.

You may find some articles boring with a monotonous tone while others will give a roller-coaster ride with their hilarious definition of the things they write about.

Trust me, you do not want to branded as a dull writer. You want your readers to appreciate what you put out there.  So where do you start? You must breathe-in and get a feel of the words and phrases of creative authors. Reading their material will teach you how to use your words, in a way that would help you churn out interesting and worthy articles.

I myself is a self-proclaimed blogger and I learned a lot from reading books, newspapers, magazines, and occasionally, personal blogs of people and their stories of getting through their lowest lows as well as their highest joys.

Secondly, you have to expose yourself in the world. Don’t take this literally. What I mean is that in your life, you have so much time to experience and travel around and learn from people that have their skin color different from yours. Be curious! Travel around! Ask why people do their stuff. Go where they go. Eat the delicacies they serve. Play with the kids and their way of playing their games (I know some people back in my province where they play basketball but with a different set of rules).  And most importantly, listen to what they have to say. Some would offer to tell you their unique stories just for them to vent it out. I know some would find conversing with a stranger is beyond their comfort-zones, but hey, the spontaneity and randomness of it would be worth it. In short, you got to break out from your shell and see the world around you.

Through these, you gain a very valuable pool of experience that will significantly help make you a better and creative writer.

Lastly, when you go finally back home and try to digest all of the things you have experience, now is the time for you to write it all out. It won’t matter whether you write in your personal laptop or a journal (but I do have some preference for journals, there’s that “authentic feel” when you write in it).

When you start typing your initial phrases, make sure you don’t become too logical, just pour out how you feel about the stuff you ought to write. Let your mind be guided by your emotions as this will give a unique authenticity of the piece you are making.

As my final advice, never stop writing and never stop being curious. It’s not all the time that you would churn out great and screamingly awesome articles, but as long as you learn from your past articles, you would eventually be branded a creative writer.

Getting the Right Thesis Topic Ideas

thesis-topic-ideasWhen I was on the process of choosing thesis topic ideas to finish my Master’s degree, I was completely overwhelmed. The realization of finally getting my diploma after four years made me excited and anxious.

I made other research papers in the past but having to complete my thesis was an entirely different thing. There are millions of possibilities to explore and there a couple of essential elements that needs to be considered prior to thesis topic selection. The selected thesis topic should hype your enthusiasm to the maximum level.  It has to be creative yet original, novel and enticing.

To help you in pick you own thesis topic ideas, I have listed down some steps that students should try to avoid.

  1. Thinking that the “right” thesis topic would just fall from the sky. I have met someone from my department who thought the same way. He was perhaps anticipating the “Eureka” instance. That seldom happens. I have yet to meet someone who has able to come up with the topic overnight. Before you could come up with a feasible topic, preliminary research should be done first. This will allow you to check whether the idea is manageable or it’s time to consider another topic.
  2. Asking almost everyone for what they think is a good thesis topic. This might help to some extent but asking people who are not knowledgeable of your field of study probably would not help at all. Having your thesis topic approved by your thesis advisor is a must but asking them on what topic to work on is a bad idea. Your thesis advisor expects you to come up with your own set of questions to ponder on.
  3. Reading, reading and reading and not actually starting with anything. As I mentioned a while ago, preliminary research is important in determining the best thesis topic ideas suitable to your skills, capabilities and resources. A common mistake made by students is that they just tend to have spent most of their time reading but they have not actually commenced their research. A good method to break the habit of endless search for a topic is to set a time frame and a goal. For example, within two weeks I should have a topic now and ready to start the thesis proposal.
  4. Picking a topic that is either too arduous or too constricted. A topic that is overly ambitious can be a big problem as the research goes by. There may be too many variables and elements in the topic that the thesis needs more time to be finished. On the other hand, a topic that is too limited can only make the whole thesis impossible. My friend opted to work on a thesis regarding cyber bullying. However, she had to change the topic as the resources on cyber bullying are somehow limited.

The most fundamental piece of advice I can offer is to make sure you know what you want to achieve after getting the diploma. Do you have any plans of pursuing the topic you worked on after graduation? Do you plan on getting your thesis published? The choices are not easy; you have to map out your plan on the beginning to ensure the rest of the thesis will be easier for you.

Your Essay’s Blueprint

essay structureA well written essay in all its ingenuity is characterized by the writer’s skill to explain and analyze concepts and purpose contained by the scope of words. Its heart is not on simply telling but on enhancing cases and dissecting details and information.

Essays can either be story bound or a prose. Fictional or story bound essays are those that contain exaggerated events, imaginative images, and made-up stories. Essay as a part of non-fiction, are expressive, utilizes descriptions, offer answers to certain conditions, and clarify the mysteries of intricate designs of life and people.

All essays have definite opening, core, and finale, which make them different from other pieces of writing like publication stories and the like. Moreover, essays are grounded throughout fundamental concepts, generally named as the thesis statement. It is conventionally broken down into three components: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion.

Introduction
The introduction places and establishes the sequence of the entire essay. It is intended to determine the subject or theme, your opinion or judgment and the key grounds for your answers. Typically, this includes an opening statement or two which is precisely associated with the problem; a description or clarification of a key word, quoted from your field of study; a comprehensive account of the central theme of the essay or the point of argument, or your thesis statement; sentences that provide a precise thought of the essay’s content, course, and limits. It mainly covers three questions:

1. What should be conveyed or discussed about?
2. How should I present the theme?
3. What should I accomplish in this piece of writing?

Through answering the following questions you will let the readers know and understand the topic of your essay and your approaches. This also clarifies the context of your paper.

Body
Articles and statements in the body of the essay expose a deeper definition which explains the key concepts that serves as evidence to your argument or answer to the problem. Concepts and principles from the academic texts and writing provide reliability and influence to your argument. You can also supply examples to clarify and enhance your position. Every piece must be connected with the preceding paragraph and must contain the following:

1.Theme: an account of the central thought of the paragraph.
2.Evidence: discussion or quotations from the academic articles, books, and other reliable pieces of writing
3.Examples: an application of ideas to a situation or depiction of circumstances
4.Evaluation: analysis of ideas.
5.Conclusion: a final statement so that the paragraphs will not be left openly.

Conclusion

essay organization

Mainly, the conclusion will just recap the introduction and answer the key questions. Its main objective is to go over the main points and make absolute interpretation. It should take the reader back to the principles of the essay. This should contain an affirmation of the thesis statement presented in the introduction; ultimate assessment on the comparative significance of the arguments; recommendations on the enduring value of the subject as an issue that requires advance explanation and research.

Remarkably, the essay should demonstrate a sequence or development from a common point down to the definite point and be back to the universal stage again. Most importantly, it should bring a logical conclusion for the benefit of the readers.

THESIS STATEMENT

The thesis statement shapes the general point of the essay in the tersest manner. It establishes the scope of the theme, and designates the structure of the essay. The thesis works as a manual or guide for the entire essay, providing the readers of what you going cover and the approach you will use to support your points.

When organizing or creating an outline for your essay, you may use this universal format:

I. Introduction
A. Topic
B. Key Statements or Points
C. Thesis Statement

II. Body
A. Point One
• Introduction and explanation of point
• Facts and Evidences
• Association with the thesis statement
B. Point Two
• Introduction and explanation of point
• Facts and Evidences
• Association with the thesis statement
C. Point Three
• Introduction and explanation of point
• Facts and Evidences
• Association with the thesis statement

III. Conclusion
A. Reaffirm the topic
B. Summarize Key Points
C. Recap the Thesis Statement