Archive for December, 2013

Turabian with Footnotes

Doing footnotes serves as a contract between the researcher and the references he or she used in the making of the essay. It is the formal way that a writer acknowledges the idea and the information used from other authors in the making of the paper.

turabian

Citing through footnotes is a skill for it should be done as careful as possible not omitting any detail that is needed. Turabian with footnotes is one of the highly reliable footnoting styles used in any writing discipline. It is based on Kate Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Essays, Theses and Dissertation that helps writer in the easy ways on how to do footnotes. The main focus of Turabian with footnotes is for the writer to provide information about the reference author’s name, publication details, page numbers used and the date of publication.

How are Turabian with Footnotes written?

Superscripts introduce the footnotes done in Turabian. Yoru first footnote should be numbered as 1 and then should be continued until the last footnote used. The name of the author in the reference used by the writer should be in reverse order of last name, given name and middle initial (if any). Do not separate the last name and given name with coma. Remember too that this reverse format on the author’s name is not strict when it comes to footnoting. The author’s name and the title of the reference you used is then separate by coma (,) while the city of publication and name of the publishing house is separated with a colon (:). Italicized the title of the reference while the other texts should remain normally written.

FORMAT

[Superscript number] [Author- Last Name, First Name Middle Initial] [Title of the reference][(City of Publication): (Name of Publishing house)], (Date of Publication), (Page/s of Used as Reference).

EXAMPLE:

1. Sydney Lauper On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

SHORTER VERSION

1. Sydney On the midst of Financial Crisis 125-127.

SUCCEEDING FOOTNOTES:

2. Smith, John Managing your Finances in the 21st Century (New York: New York Press), 2009, 43-47.

Writing the Turabian with Footnotes is based on the type of reference you used as the writer. Below are the detailed ways on how footnotes are done in Turabian style.

Footnotes for Books as Reference

SINGLE AUTHOR:

1. Sydney Lauper On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

TWO TO THREE AUTHORS

2. Sydney Lauper, Brian White and Carolina Bell On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

THREE OR MORE AUTHORS

3. Sydney Lauper et.al On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

EDITOR, TRANSLATOR OR COMPILER AS AUTHOR

4. White Brian ed., On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

5. White Brian trans., On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

6. White Brian comp., On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

ASSOCIATION OR INSTITUTION AS AUTHOR

7. Indiana Writers Association, On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

BOOKS WITH NO AUTHOR

8. On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

EDITED BOOKS

9. Sydney Lauper, 4th ed, On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

CONTRIBUTER OF THE BOOK

10. Bell Carolina, “How the Financial Crisis Affected My Family”, On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

WHOLE BOOK

11. On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing 2007).

Footnotes for Articles from Magazine and other journals as Reference

NEWSPAPER

12. “Lauper’s On the mids of Financial Crisis now in Amazon books”, Indiana News, December 14, 2008.

MONTHLY MAGAZINE

13. Samantha Jones, “Financial Crisis 101”, New York Times, January 18, 2009.

ANNUAL MAGAZINE

14. Samantha Jones, “Financial Crisis 101”, New York Times, January 2009.

Footnotes for Bible verses

15. Jeremiah 29:11 NIV.

Footnotes for Online sources

16. Sydney Lauper On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing 2007), http://www.amazon.com/books.

Tips on Writing Turabian with Footnotes

  • It will be easier to do the footnotes if you have a pre-written list of all the sources you used while you are undergoing the research procedure. Jot down every author’s name, publication details and dates that you used in the making of the essay. Make sure to document everything either by writing or by simply photocopying your sources.
  • Follow the format as it is written and guided above for professors might deduct major points for wrong footnotes used. Be sure to verify with your essay adviser anything that you decide to do with your footnoting.
  • Get help and be familiar with how footnotes are done by replying on books and online references as often as possible.

The most important thing why Turabian with footnotes should be given focus and emphasis is because it helps a writer avoid being accused of committing plagiarism. Doing footnotes will also give the reader a view of the influences used in the essay and will further enrich their mind with other related sources they can read too.

Michele Obama pushes the importance of pursuing higher education

A new initiative will begin seeking to increase the number of low-income students to get a college degree was presented by Michelle Obama on Tuesday based on the first lady’s personal life.

michelle obama

Mrs. Obama told the students of Bell Multicultural High School, whom she visited on Tuesday that, to do whatever it takes to continue in their education after high school. She further exclaimed that it is whether it will be in community college, technical school, a training opportunity or pursuing a four-year college degree.

“I’m here today because I want you to know that my story can be your story,” as introduced by the first lady. “The details might be a little different, but so many of the challenges and triumphs will be just the same.”

In the new policy, Mrs. Obama will be linking with the Education Department to help in President Obama’s plan to make the US go higher in the rank of college graduates from 12th to first by 2020.

Supporters of Mrs. Obama have been in the excitement to know that the first black first lady is using her resume in all of the agendas being raised publicly with the support of the president’s policies. Mrs. Obama is the daughter of a pump worker in Chicago Waterworks and was able to graduate in Princeton University and the Law School of Harvard. She later became an associate to Sydley Austin law firm and also became a health care executive in Chicago.

Mrs. Obama highlighted that she and her brother also came from the same situation as those in low-income families and sees getting a college degree as the door to success. It is also given that though the policy is in accordance to higher education, the first lady’s focus will as always be the youth following the limits of her power.

In her speech, the first lady explained that the students will have the need to some form of higher education so they can build a stable career and provision for their family.

The National Center for Education Statistics reveals that 52% of 2011 high school graduates from low-income families get into university immediately, setting a contrast with high-income families who had fewer enrollment results.

Critics then emerged with this new project stating that the first lady should avoid giving policies that only appeals to a certain part of the population. Professor Catherine Allgor of University of California, Riverside saying that Mrs. Obama should have done the program four years ago said that the idea of the first lady to eat salad for it is healthier is more on the nanny side. “If she came out of the gate with something much more tied to policy, she would have been shot down. Just look at the reaction to her suggestions that people eat salad.”

Due to the popularity of Mrs. Obama’s stint in all of her programs like dancing in a middle school and doing pushups in one of the famous morning TV program to showcase the importance of exercise as well as her opening video at the recently concluded Oscars to give the significance of arts the office of the first lady informed that Mrs. Obama will initiate school visitation in the country and will also use the power of social media to appeal the message that pursuing a higher education is the key do a wider world.

Other popular agenda’s of Mrs. Obama includes her help with military families, evangelizing exercise and healthy food consumption.

Easiest Way to Write Essays Faster

Writing an essay has always been an integral part of the academic life. Essays, which are written compositions about any topic from a writer’s point of view aim to express ideas that are intended to inform, explain, persuade, and even entertain the reader. While anyone who has done it at least once before practically can write an essay, writing an essay well on the other hand, is a skill that must be honed through continuous reading and practice. Hence, to be able to write an essay faster entails the writer to be skilled enough to clearly, and if possible (and allowable) creatively present ideas that will achieve the goal of the essay.

First, the writer should be at least familiar enough already with the essay topic. Nowadays, various sources of information are already available at one’s fingertips. Even academic institutions already provide remote access to a wide variety of resources. The goal is to be able to collate as much relevant and valid information as possible to be cited as sources for the essay.

Easiest Way to write essays fasterSecond, the writer should know the target readers of the essay. What is the intended purpose of writing the essay? Will the readers be able to easily grasp the content of the writing? The writer should be able to put himself in their shoes in order to indentify the best way to effectively convey his message.

Third, the writer should pay attention to the specifications given, if there is any. Technical instructions may cover the number of words, paragraphs, etc. It is important that from the very start the writer is already aware of these instructions in order to save time and energy.

It is important to remember that writing well is a skill and that every skill entails practice to achieve mastery. Exposure to different reading materials is vital not only in building a huge vocabulary bank but also in learning different styles of writing. Reading activities coupled with constant writing has always been a tried and tested way to improve writing skills.

To be able to force yourself to practice writing, devote at least an hour a day to hone your skill. Be sure to time yourself each time you do your writing exercise so that you are aware of how much time you take to come up with an essay. Set your goal time and surprise yourself with the outputs that you can generate with the amount of time you have specified.
Once you are pleased with your work, have other people to take a look at it. Consultation and advices from mentors and peers will definitely be a great help in order to pin down the aspects that the writer has to work on. Being open to constructive criticisms is very helpful in gauging one’s level of progress in terms of writing.

With constant practice to improve on both these content and structure aspects, any aspiring writer is on his way to write with confidence and speed.