Turabian with Footnotes

Doing footnotes serves as a contract between the researcher and the references he or she used in the making of the essay. It is the formal way that a writer acknowledges the idea and the information used from other authors in the making of the paper.

turabian

Citing through footnotes is a skill for it should be done as careful as possible not omitting any detail that is needed. Turabian with footnotes is one of the highly reliable footnoting styles used in any writing discipline. It is based on Kate Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Essays, Theses and Dissertation that helps writer in the easy ways on how to do footnotes. The main focus of Turabian with footnotes is for the writer to provide information about the reference author’s name, publication details, page numbers used and the date of publication.

How are Turabian with Footnotes written?

Superscripts introduce the footnotes done in Turabian. Yoru first footnote should be numbered as 1 and then should be continued until the last footnote used. The name of the author in the reference used by the writer should be in reverse order of last name, given name and middle initial (if any). Do not separate the last name and given name with coma. Remember too that this reverse format on the author’s name is not strict when it comes to footnoting. The author’s name and the title of the reference you used is then separate by coma (,) while the city of publication and name of the publishing house is separated with a colon (:). Italicized the title of the reference while the other texts should remain normally written.

FORMAT

[Superscript number] [Author- Last Name, First Name Middle Initial] [Title of the reference][(City of Publication): (Name of Publishing house)], (Date of Publication), (Page/s of Used as Reference).

EXAMPLE:

1. Sydney Lauper On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

SHORTER VERSION

1. Sydney On the midst of Financial Crisis 125-127.

SUCCEEDING FOOTNOTES:

2. Smith, John Managing your Finances in the 21st Century (New York: New York Press), 2009, 43-47.

Writing the Turabian with Footnotes is based on the type of reference you used as the writer. Below are the detailed ways on how footnotes are done in Turabian style.

Footnotes for Books as Reference

SINGLE AUTHOR:

1. Sydney Lauper On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

TWO TO THREE AUTHORS

2. Sydney Lauper, Brian White and Carolina Bell On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

THREE OR MORE AUTHORS

3. Sydney Lauper et.al On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

EDITOR, TRANSLATOR OR COMPILER AS AUTHOR

4. White Brian ed., On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

5. White Brian trans., On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

6. White Brian comp., On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

ASSOCIATION OR INSTITUTION AS AUTHOR

7. Indiana Writers Association, On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

BOOKS WITH NO AUTHOR

8. On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

EDITED BOOKS

9. Sydney Lauper, 4th ed, On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

CONTRIBUTER OF THE BOOK

10. Bell Carolina, “How the Financial Crisis Affected My Family”, On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing), 2007, 125-127.

WHOLE BOOK

11. On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing 2007).

Footnotes for Articles from Magazine and other journals as Reference

NEWSPAPER

12. “Lauper’s On the mids of Financial Crisis now in Amazon books”, Indiana News, December 14, 2008.

MONTHLY MAGAZINE

13. Samantha Jones, “Financial Crisis 101”, New York Times, January 18, 2009.

ANNUAL MAGAZINE

14. Samantha Jones, “Financial Crisis 101”, New York Times, January 2009.

Footnotes for Bible verses

15. Jeremiah 29:11 NIV.

Footnotes for Online sources

16. Sydney Lauper On the midst of Financial Crisis (Indiana: Association of New Age Printing 2007), http://www.amazon.com/books.

Tips on Writing Turabian with Footnotes

  • It will be easier to do the footnotes if you have a pre-written list of all the sources you used while you are undergoing the research procedure. Jot down every author’s name, publication details and dates that you used in the making of the essay. Make sure to document everything either by writing or by simply photocopying your sources.
  • Follow the format as it is written and guided above for professors might deduct major points for wrong footnotes used. Be sure to verify with your essay adviser anything that you decide to do with your footnoting.
  • Get help and be familiar with how footnotes are done by replying on books and online references as often as possible.

The most important thing why Turabian with footnotes should be given focus and emphasis is because it helps a writer avoid being accused of committing plagiarism. Doing footnotes will also give the reader a view of the influences used in the essay and will further enrich their mind with other related sources they can read too.

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