Different Kinds of Line-Ups

It is important to know that witnesses play a significant role in the administration of justice as they are the key in the process of identification, charging and conviction of the suspects. The police officers need to advice the witnesses on the best type of line-ups to choose in order for them to accurately identify the suspects. There are known to be two types of police line-ups and these are sequential line-ups and simultaneous line-ups. In sequential line-ups, the witnesses are required to have in possession the ability to exercise the absolute judgment and this involves making comparison of each photograph or person with respect to the memory of how the offender looked like, (Bartollas and Dinitz 45). (more…)

Essay on Criminal Justice

Some people would take the purpose of punishment to be expiation or atonement for the crime. While some other major schools of thought, taking its lead primarily from Jeremy Bentham’s eighteenth-century utilitarianism, find the justification for criminal sanctions in the good that they engender (Allen 88). The predicted benefits of condemning the particular defendant as a criminal and depriving him of his liberty outweigh the costs imposed on the imprisoned convict and his or her family.


Essay on Criminology

Criminological researchers – coming from a variety of disciplines – draw from research techniques used in sociology, psychology, political science and history, to name just a few. In recent years, though, criminologists too have become more reflective about research issues affecting their own subject relative to others, resulting in a number of specialist texts (Jupp, 1989; Maxfield and Babbie, 1995; Sapsford, 1996; Jupp et al. 2000; King and Wincup, 2000; Champion, 2000). A question that students, teachers and researchers in criminology often grapple with is whether there is anything distinctive about criminological research compared with research in other disciplines in the human and social sciences.


Essay on Criminal Justice – Corrections

America’s jails are the first stоp in the criminal justice systems’ “incarceratiоn therapy.” Such a stоp is intended tо imply many things. Fоr example, fоr a first-time оffender, it is hоped it makes a lasting impressiоn that is a deterrent fоrever. Fоr the habitual оffender, it is a prоcessing pоint in between freedоm and prisоn. And yet, absent the dynamics оf a jail оperatiоn, the systems оf cоmmunity safety and security wоuld certainly falter and sоciety’s way оf life wоuld be severely jeоpardized.


Essay on Stare Decisis

Stare decisis treats, in any given area of law, each judicial decision as a potential precedent for the next round of litigation or, rather, treats the body of rules and reasoning announced in previous cases as binding upon the judge deciding the current case (Knight and Epstein, 1996, p.1088). Like cases shall be decided alike. Where a new case is not exactly like the old ones, legal reasoning—that is, reason by analogy—will yield results most consonant with the previous cases. In this way, judges may not simply decide each case as they choose but must decide it according to the established case law.


Canadian Law on DNA

In 1998, on December, 10 the DNA Identification Act was announced publicly in Canada. But the official recognition of this act came only on June, 30, 2000.[1] This recognition made it possible to create a national Canadian DNA data bank, and as a result of it the Criminal Code went through some corrections in order to develop a special mechanism for a judge to order the accused people to give their blood, or other substances samples from which it is possible to get a DNA profile. To tell honestly this was the method people who deal with crimes and jurisdiction were searching for so many centuries. This investigation really decided a lot of problems. It saved a lot of innocent people who were sentenced to death, lots of dangerous offenders were charged with the crimes they committed, many people could find and return their relatives; new law-breakings were predicted and prevented, the judicial system was taken in order, international support was strengthened, the process of finding guilty was quickened, the peaceful life of the citizens was stabilized.