Essay on Parse’s Theory Application

Parse’s theory has become an important part of nursing discipline and nursing practice. This theory forms a growing and important body of practical knowledge. According to Parse, nursing science has developed and continues to develop within two almost contradictory paradigms. These are the totality and simultaneity paradigms. Parse’s Theory sees nursing practice as an integral process which joins personal values and beliefs of nurses, health issues, a person and environment.

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Essay on the Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is a chromosome abnormality, which is usually due to an extra copy of the 21st chromosome, although not invariably, resulting in mental retardation and other abnormalities. Recent research showed that whites with Down syndrome would live to be about 50 years old while blacks with Down syndrome will only live to be 25, and other races 11 years old (Greenspan & Wieder 88).

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Essay on Lung Cancer

Lung cancer occurs after repeated insults to the genetic material of the cell. Lung cancer is one of the most difficult forms of cancer to treat, and about 85 per cent of cases are non-small cell lung cancers. Non-smokers face a 24 per cent increased risk of developing lung cancer through passive smoking It takes an average of ten years for lung cancer cells to develop to a detectable level. Every 30 seconds someone somewhere in the world dies of lung cancer.

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Essay on Prostate Cancer

Today, prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer. And because it is generally a disease of older men, prostate cancer is not in the top five in terms of years of life lost. The American Cancer Society projects that in 2002, 189,000 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed (American Cancer Society, 2006). In 2000, there were 32,000 deaths attributable to prostate cancer. Approximately 70 percent of all cases are diagnosed in men age 65 years and older. Prostate cancer is about twice as common in African-American men as in white men.
Prostate cancer is a common form of cancer. In fact, more men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer than any other form of cancer, excluding only skin cancer. And about 3 percent of men will die from the disease.

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Essay on Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an acute health problem, particularly in the developing countries of Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Tuberculosis has existed for many centuries. Specifically from 2000 B.C. tubercles have been found in mummified bodies. Reference to this disease has been found in written scriptures of Babylonia, Egypt, and China (Haas, 2000, p. 88). Most new cases of clinical tuberculosis arise in individuals who have been previously infected. The eradication of tuberculosis and its prevention depend upon the detection and prophylactic treatment of infected individuals so that clinical disease does not occur, and effective treatment of those with symptomatic clinical disease so that transmission of tuberculosis to others is prevented.

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