Essay on Discrimination

Racial discrimination and profiling are the main troubles faced by many Asian immigrants coming to America. In contrast to traditional discrimination against black population, Asian Americans have suffered from cultural misunderstanding and stereotyping which affected their life, educational and job opportunities. According to statistical results, “While the Asian-Pacific population in the United States grew from one million in 1965 to over nine million in 1995, the proportion of the native-born dropped from 60 percent to around 30 percent” (Yin 1998, 330). Since 1920s, there was a great shift in multicultural relations towards acceptance and understanding of Asian Americans, their values and traditions by majority.

Help With Essay on Discrimination
Help With essay on Discrimination

Pre-war period (immigration act was introduced in 1924) was marked by racial prejudices and stereotyping against Asian Americans. The main areas of discrimination were family, religion, criminal justice, education and job opportunities. Takaki explains that Americans saw Asian citizens as “strangers” they could not understand and accept. For this reason, during the pre-war period Asian American communities were the main form of self-identification helped Asian Americans to live and work together. Asian Americans wee faced with common experience of oppression and discrimination peculiar to Asians at the hands of a hegemonic culture. During this period of time, there were a lot of negative stereotypes which “labeled” Asian Americans as lazy and unskilled workers. These negative social images resulted in discrimination and racism, genocide and sexism, scapegoating, etc. Most of Asian Americans were publicly humiliated and disgraced as low social groups. In order to preserve their cultural identity, many Asian nations built isolated communities in America like Chinatown.

WWII – 1965 marked a new stage in multicultural relations between Americans and Asian immigrants. During this period of time, many Asian immigrants entered educational established and found high paid jobs trying to assimilate into Americans society. Still, Takaki explains many Chinese students stereotyped seeing as “model minority”. Although, WWII was the most terrible time for Japanese immigrant’s who could not find job and earned for living because of ideological prejudices. In response to the growing demand for equal rights, Congress enacted major pieces of modern civil rights legislation during the 1960s that have taken the country an enormous step closer to realizing the promises of the first Reconstruction. These modern statutes, protect racial minorities against most forms of public and private discrimination in employment, housing, accommodations, federally assisted programs, education, voting, and the administration of civil and criminal laws. The most dramatic modern breakthrough in racial reform came in 1954.

Since 1965 (when the immigration act came into force), several anti-discrimination laws were introduced in order to protect racial minorities and their human rights. Still, “The prejudice against Asian Americans caused by the “Japan bashing” in the 1980s and by the current revelations of questionable campaign contributions are cases in point” (Yin 1998, 330). The existence of extensive federal protection does not mean that the law has been translated into nondiscriminatory behavior. Such was the lesson of the first Reconstruction. Actual enforcement of the right of racial minorities is crucial to realizing equality. Unfortunately, enforcement, even in the modern era, has been markedly slow and uneven. Critics underline that our constitutional and statutory scheme provides the means to ensure equality and eradicate the continuing effects of past discrimination accumulated over more than half a century. Although, “the Chinese Student/Scholar Act of 1992 alone led over sixty thousand Chinese students and scholars to settle in the United States” (Yin 1998, 330). Today, many Asian American citizens obtain high social position and good jobs, high wages and educational opportunities similar to majority of the nation.
In sum, progress has been gradual but it appears to be a fairly consistent trend, supported by continuing campaigning efforts by Asian American interest groups fighting for equal rights and fair treatment.

Works Cited Page
1. Takagi, D.Y. The Retreat from Race: Asian-American Admissions and Racial Politics. Rutgers University Press, 1992
2. Takaki, R. Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans. Back Bay Books; Rev&Updtd edn, 1998.
3. Yin, Xiao-Huan. Immigration and the Asian-American Experience. World and I, Vol. 13, February 1998, 330.

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