Essay on Minimum Drinking Age in the U.S. (Argumentative Paper)

Today, the problem of alcoholism becomes an issue of the day. About 85% of all US residents have had an alcohol-containing drink at least once in their lives and about 51% of US adults are current users of alcohol. Alcohol related disorder constitute the third largest health problem in US today after heart disease and cancer. Children at high risk for alcohol-related disorder have been found in experimental studies to have a range of deficits on neurocognitive testing (Hanson, 1996).

Thesis

Help with Essay on Minimum Drinking Age in the U.S. (Argumentative Paper)

Help with Essay on Minimum Drinking Age in the U.S. (Argumentative Paper)

Minimum Drinking Age in the U.S. should be reduced because alcohol has adverse effects on young people resulted in alcoholism and alcohol-related disorders.

Minimum Drinking Age in the U.S. should be reduced as one of the most important measures against alcohol abuse caused by poplar cultural and adverting messages. The esteem in which alcohol is held in a drinking culture means that any citizen living in that environment will have their assessment of the pleasures of alcohol endlessly enhanced, and perception of the threats constantly down-played. The packaging invites buyers to drink and drink up, and neutralizes warnings of danger as nanny talk. Surprisingly, but many young people are not aware of the adverse effects of alcohol on their health. The actions accepted on the governmental level will have positive effects on teenage population reducing number of “young drinkers” among the country. “Overall, young adults rated alcohol advertisements more positively on affectively based criteria (enjoyment and visual appeal) and rated pro-social advertisements more positively on logic-based criteria (realism and honesty) (Austin, 2001, p. 575). To take legal measures is important because drink can impair many aspects, of social life of young people. The contribution which drink makes to social problems is more difficult to quantify than with physical illness.

Minimum Drinking Age in the U.S. should be reduced because alcohol is more dangerous for children than for adults. Several factors have been identified in the childhood histories of persons who later have an alcohol-related disorder and in children who are at high risk. A childhood history of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder increases a child’s risk for an alcohol-related disorder as an adult (Austin, Fujioka, 1991). Those findings suggest that some biological heritable brain function may predispose a person to alcohol-related disorder. “A survey focusing on alcohol-related problems of high school seniors and dropouts found that in 1996, about 80 percent reported either getting drunk, engaging in binge drinking, or drinking and driving. More than half said that drinking had caused them to feel sick, miss school or work, get arrested, or have a car crash” (Greenblatt, 2000). Alcohol is made more threatening by the fact that it has a subtle but dangerous potential to enmesh its users in drug dependence.

It is possible to refute all those argument saying that if a young adult does not want to drink he will not buy alcohol. Also, some teenagers drink for a long time without negative consequences. Some people suppose that government and police cannot control alcohol consumption, because they have more serious problems such as gun control and increase in crime rates. On the other hand, alcohol seems a minor problem in contrast to cocaine or crimes, but it exists and affects many young people. In spite of these facts, children and young adults are influenced greatly by friends and unable to resist peer pressure. The special attention should be “focuses on in-school programs for the general student body in which changes in alcohol knowledge, attitudes or behaviors are assessed” (Hansen, 1996, p.63). For this reason, the government should reduce minimum drinking age in the U.S. to protect children and their families from negative social influences and adverting messages. Lack of government support was the main cause of this problem.

References

  1. Austin, E.W. Fujioka, Y., Pinkleton, B.E. “The Relationship of Perceived Beer Ad and PSA Quality to High School Students’ Alcohol-Related Beliefs and Behaviors”, Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, Vol. 45, 2001, p. 575-584.
  2. Greenblatt, J.C. Patterns of Alcohol Use Among Adolescents and Associations with Emotional and Behavioral Problems. 2000. Available at: http://www.health.org/govstudy/adolemotion/
  3. Hanson, D.J., Alcohol Education What We Must Do. Praeger Publishers, 1996.
  4. Murphy, G.E., Wetzel, R.D., Robins, E., McEvoy, L. Multiple risk factors predict suicide in alcoholism. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry, 1992.

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